BIO – long

Biography RJ STIPS

>—— LONG ——<

04 02 1950
RJ was born in The Hague, the Netherlandsmother Joke Stips – Wubbels (1906 – 2000)
sister Freke (1936)
sister Hans (1938)
brother Wouter (1944)
father (Johannus Herminus) Stips (1900 – 1964) came home with a grand piano
First piano lessons (Yoli Buriks)1959
first public appearance at the van Heutz elementary school, playing accordion.
Played the piano on the yearly ‘Farewell Evening Show’ at elementary school.Parents divorced
Accompanied the complete ‘F. E. Show’ at his old school 1961 and won the cultural contest at (Thorbecke) high school. Saw the first (school)band ever at the same cultural contest.
Moved house and changed school (Grotius Lyceum).—- for more details > long & super long version —
Making a necessarily habit of winning the yearly cultural contest, to rebalance his further mediocre results at school (dreamer).
1964: Father died.
Was invited by Marco Vrolijk to come and play with school band ‘the Blubs’, with the original members:
Arnold Slagter (later:Visser) – (tea box) bass
Gerhard Smidt – guitar, clarinet, vocals
Marco Vrolijk – drums
Robert Jan Stips – piano*, vocals, mouthharp.
* When they rehearsed (on Sundays) at the attic of the house of Marco’s parents (his father then was Minister of Culture) RJ played the piano and sang. Most places, however, where they performed, there was no piano at all, or it was hard to amplify with the poor ‘vocal-boxes’ in use then ( PA’s did not even exist then), so mostly Robert Jan was front man singer, playing tambourine and mouthharp when not climbing into the curtains…
who later changed their name to :1965/6’The Q-Provocation’, later to ‘Provocation’
with new comer guitarist Theo Nijenhuis (later respected economy reporter at the NRC news paper)
playing in different line ups with all members from the same (Grotius – later Segbroek) high school:In the same period he was playing the piano for a chlidren ballet/operette company called ‘Morgenstond’, earning his first organ.The group was first managed by Bart Spoelstra, who felt they needed someone who knew more about the fast developing new music scene and introduced the band to economy student Dick Zwikker, who took over.The Provocation playing more and more frequently now with Ron van Eck on bass.1966 

A unique performance with the Provocation (and the children ballet) was the one in the garden of palace Soestdijk, celebrating Queen’s Juliana’s birthday It was breaking news in national and international press: BEAT MUSIC IN PALACE !!1967

Sacha van Geest joins the band on flute, the band getting under influence of the alternative and hippie movement in the person of Rob Douw, who turned the shy school band into an experimental group, with :

Sacha van Geest – ao flute, vocals
Ron van Eck – bass
Marco Vrolijk – drums
Gerhard Smidt – guitar, clarinet, vocals
Rob Douw – toys, trumpet and vocals
Robert Jan Stips – organ, pianet,* vocals.

RJ’s instruments now were an Ace Tone organ (1 manual) and a Hohner Pianet, on both instruments he used two effect pedals: wah wah and fuzz.
The Ace Tone organ , earned hard with the ‘ballet money’, got stolen out of the rehearsal room – not insured, not completely paid for, yet…
The rest of the band put their heads (and wallets) together and bought RJ a new (and better) organ : a Farfisa VIP (200?), with two keyboards and a ‘slalom’ pedal as extra feature: the tones could glide to one octave up or down!

Following the time spirit, they started to do research into new directions, playing underground and alternative music, performing together with lightshows, action painters, poets and dancers.
The name couldn’t wait to change, either. Rob Douw (and so indirectly RJ as well) were involved with the organisation of a what was to be a gigafantastic-spaced-out-event in The Hague, named ‘The Sweet OK Supersister’. When the whole thing got cancelled, RJ asked Rob if he could use the name for the group & so it happened: first it became ‘Sweet OK Supersister, and later:

SUPERSISTER 1968 – 1974 /1999 – 2000


4 of them decided to focus on music only, adopting the name Supersister:
Sacha van Geest,
Ron van Eck,
Marco Vrolijk and
Robert Jan Stips.

RJ left school to go study (classical) piano with piano professor Simon Admiraal at the Royal Conservatory in the Hague. What started as a ‘dream come true’ slowly changed into a disillusion, caused by a unbridgeable difference in the approach of music and mentality, in the end winding up ”more like a spy than a student “.

—- for more details > long & super long version —-


As one of the few Dutch groups Supersister played on the main stage at the Kralingen Pop Festival, Rotterdam, the first real big (80.000) continental pop festival. At the same time Supersister’s first single ‘She was Naked’ became a big summer hit, created by heavy rotation on Radio Veronica. First album: ‘Present from Nancy’ on Blossom label, Polydor, also produced by Hans van Oosterhout.


Supersister now really ‘hot’, sharing the nr.1 place in polls with Golden Earring and playing throughout the whole country + Germany, France, England and Italy.
Second album: ‘To The Highest Bidder’. Single ‘A Girl Named You’ (top 20), the strange and unique discordial situation of an alternative yet commercially successful band was once more confirmed.


Third Supersister album: ‘Pudding and Gisteren’ also recorded in 1972. As single ‘Radio’ was released and reached the top twenty, while the title track was written as ballet music for a choreography of Frans Vervenne of the Nederlands Dans Theater.
For this album Supersister received the Edison Award ‘73 out of the hands of Mr.Willem (O) Duys.


The band and therewith almost 10 years of cooperation between Marco and RJ, was nearing a natural ending.
RJ, Ron van Eck and road manager Aad Link withdrew that summer to form a new line up :

Charlie Mariano – altsax, bass clarinet,
Herman van Boeijen – drums and percussion
Ron van Eck – bass
Robert Jan Stips – keys & vocals

The new band took off for England (Manor Studio’s) to record the fourth Supersister album: ‘Iskander’, produced by Georgio Gomelsky.
Later Elton Dean replaced Charlie Mariano.

—- for more details > medium & long version —-

1974/5 Golden Earring

RJ joined Golden Earring surprising friend and fiend. First as an ‘extra’ musician, later as a member of the group. Touring the USA, coast to coast, Europe and UK. For RJ this was the sex, drugs and rock ’n roll high school, showing a complete different view over the music-biz’ landscape.

Records posthumous Supersister album: ‘Spiral Staircase’ with Sacha van Geest.

Records first solo album: ‘Nevergreens’

receives the Dutch Export Award and a gold copy of Golden Earring compilation album.

And meanwhile in Amsterdam a group called ‘the Nits’ is founded

1976 / 1978


while on tour with Golden Earring in the USA, RJ met Bertus Borgers (again) and they came to the agreement that after Golden Earring they would at least pay contribution to each others solo albums. Bertus’ solo album was called ‘Sweet d’Buster’, which also became the name for the group, existing of the same people who recorded the album – in the Soundpush Studio with Jan Schuurman as engineer/producer):
Herman Deinum bass
Hans Lafaille drums
Paul Smeenk guitar, vocals
Bertus Borgers sax, vocals
Broer Boogaert = percussion and co-writing
, didn’t join the band. RJS did, but only after a long procedure of saving the group from their liaison with sponsor/manager Ralph van der Waart van Gulik, and replacing him by Aad Link, this being his first /official ‘managership’.
The band had not the dream start that was expected with the release of the album ‘Sweet d’Buster’ and it’s single ‘One Way or Another’,but grew out gathering a tremendous live reputation. Their 2nd album ‘Friction’ – co-produced by Robin Freeman at the Relight studio’s did well, especially when Herman Brood scored a hit with his version of ‘Still Believe’ their most successful album was ‘Gigs’, sadly enough also the last one in this original line up. RJ left the group after this live album, to start his very own new group and to be able to pay more attention to his work as a producer.



When still playing in Sweet d’Buster, RJ takes over the production of Gruppo Sportivo from Barry Hay. The group became immensely popular, big hit successes with singles (Rock & Roll, Hey Girl, Disco Really Made It) as well as albums: ‘Ten Mistakes’, (over 50.000 copies) went gold, ‘Back to ’78‘(over 100.000:) platinum.
The not as succesful Vandenburg solo album ‘Buddy Odor is a Gas’ was ment to be the end of Gruppo Sportivo, they reunited later on, recorded several albums of which RJ produced ‘Pop Goes the Brain’, ‘Rhythmisaconstantbeat’ and ‘The Opposite’, but the real magic did not reappear.



Huba de Graaff – violin, keybrds, vocals
Henk Wijtman – drums, percussion
Dick Schulte –Nordholt – bass
Robert Jan Stips – vocals and keyboards

RJ gets his own group together, no big names or fully experienced colleagues. In an amazing short period the new group recorded ‘Zig Zag’ and toured in Holland for a year.

RJ ‘s production work kept on growing, in the summer of 1979 three recording sessions in a row were realized : Transisters ‘Zig Zag’, Hans Vandenburgs ‘Buddy Odor’ and… the first recording session with a new, promising group from Amsterdam :

THE NITS 1979 / 1996 / 2003 / …

Alex Roelofs – bas
Michiel Peters – vocals, guitar
Henk Hofstede – vocals, keyboards,guitar
Rob Kloet – drums, percussion

In this first session 4 songs were recorded, the main purpose was to get 1 or rather , 2 A and B sides for at least one successful single, to get the name Nits into the books of Dutch pop. The songs recorded were : The Young Reporter, Harrow’s Accident, Umbrella and Tutti Ragazzi

Aad Link and RJ founded a new agency in the Hague ‘Rock in Waterland’ and contacted the Nits for a recording contract with CBS.
Tutti Ragazzi – with RJ as producer – was their first hit single, followed by their first (CBS) album ‘Tent’ – produced by the Nits. Aad and RJ also invited John van Vueren, who was booking and managing ao Gruppo Sportivo, to become part of Rock in Waterland.

* under construction *


Second NITS album ‘New Flat’, co-produced by RJ
singles : New Flat , Holiday on Ice, Bobby Solo


RJ contributes to the live tour of Danny Lademacher’s Innersleeve 

RJ’s second solo album : ‘U.P.’ Recorded at the Arnold Muhren Studio in Volendam. Engineered by Aad Link

RJ produces Gruppo Sportivo album ‘Pop Goes the Brain’


RJ joins the Nits, at first to replacingbass player Alex Roelofs who left just before their second German tour.


RJ now full Nits member.
Third NITS album: ‘Omsk’, all songs recorded at the ‘DMC – Dutch Music Centre’ studio, engineered/co-produced by John Solleveld additional dubs at the Arnold Muhren Studio.
Hit single : ‘Nescio’
both album and single Dutch top 10.

Later that same year mini album ‘Kilo’.
Recorded at the Wisseloord Studio, engineered by Emile Elsen.
single : ‘Sketches of Spain’.(top 20)
lots of concerts in Holland and abroad.


album : Adieu Sweet Bahnhof
(top 30)
touring Europe more frequently, Michiel Peters leaves the group.


Founding new agency and studio with Aad Link: Buro GeluidsManipulatie – BGM .
Bought first sampler (PPG) and directed a cartoon dubbing/translating project ‘Ferdy de Mier’ for the new studio together with Peter Calicher.

Radio Freedom Gala, Carré A’dam. First encounter on stage with Freek de Jonge.

* under construction *


NITS trio (Rob, Henk & RJ) album: ‘HENK’.


‘In The Dutch Mountains’ (recorded on two track) album & single top 10, European break through.
Joke Geraets –bass and Petra Lugtenburg – vocals join the group.


Petra leaves the group.

hit single ‘J.O.S. Days

Henk, Rob, Joke and RJ record the succesfull mini album ‘the Hat’ (top 11) with two hit singles ‘The Dream’ and ‘The Train’.

RJ mixes Gruppo Sportivo single ‘Mexican Radio’


Nits double live album ‘Urk’ (platinum), (single Adieu , Sweet Bahnhof)

The Nits receive the Gouden Harp (Conamus) for their complete oeuvre so far and also the BV Popprijs, for the latter an amount of money was included, something like 10.000 guilders. After a lot of trouble and hassle the worn out band made it to the festivities between two German gigs – to see that their drinks were are already drunk and to hear that they didn’t get the money involved, because the organisation had already used it for their airplane tickets…!!

RJ produced, arranged and mixed Gruppo Sportivo’s ‘Sucker of the Century’


After more than 3 years Joke Geraets decided to leave the Nits, mainly because of a muscle-problem-disease MS and because she felt her position in the band was not prospering the way she felt it should. After this sudden turn in her life she started studying direction for choir and until this day (dd april.2006) she’s practicing her new profession with success and lots of pleasure.

new album: Giant Normal Dwarf, recorded by the trio Henk, Rob, and Robert Jan.

video ‘Urk’
live single : ‘Home Before Dark’


Monique Olivier and Robert Jan get married
M&RJ marry in the country where they had found their love four years earlier, beautiful Scotland.


Hjuvi – A Rhapsody in Time
A project with the Radio Symphony Orchestra

* see the HJUVI special in Nits Torni *

* under construction *


NITS CD + tour : ‘dAdAdA’

After 14 years working and creating together intensively, RJ felt that Nits were not anymore on that high spirited level they should be – Robert Jan took the (hard) decision to leave .
The final concert was half a year later at the Uitmarkt on the Dam in Amsterdam, broadcasted by national television. The attention people gave to Robert Jan’s departure did overshadow the other things that were happening, Aad Link also stopped his activities for the Nits, so did Martin Bakker, who joined RJ’s new group ‘STIPS’.
Together with Martin and his brother Roy Bakker on drums RJ re-recorded several songs from his several pasts for the CD ‘Egotrip’.


NITS – jan : Luxemburg, D – Karlsruhe, Austria – Vienna
feb march may : NL

may : TV special item about RJ in NOVA (Tonko Dop)

RJ writes the strings arrangements for Golden Earring album ‘LoveSweat’

june: first rehearsals ‘STIPS’ trio,
Martin Bakker
 – bass,
Roy Bakker – drums,
RJS – keys & vocals,

NITS play Thessaloniki, Greece

july: NITS play Canada, Reading and Bern

august 25 : Last NITS concert with Robert Jan,
Martin Bakker and Peter Meuris also leave the Nits. This concert took place on the Dam-square in Amsterdam and was broadcasted on television nationwide, with guest appearances of Freek de Jonge and the Finish shouting choir.

RJ writes songs to lyrics of Freek de Jonge for the show they would play together the season, including 6 weeks in the famous Carré theater in Amsterdam : ‘Gemeengoed’ : a vast Dutch tour and CD, from which the single ‘Leven na de Dood’ reached the top position in the Dutch charts: RJ’s first (and so far only) No 1 !

the STIPS group also played the 2 Meter-Session with
radio DJ Jan Douwe Kroeske 
and Leo Blokhuis, and the most popular TV Program ‘Spijkers met Koppen’
a program of and with former radio DJ Jack Spijkerman.

* under construction *



Rapsodialive in Paradiso, Amsterdam with Freek de Jonge.

* under construction *


RJ’s solo CD : Greyhound, on tour with Mark Boon – guitar and Judith Sijp – violoncello.

RJ & Monique move back to The Hague

* under construction *


de Grens : 10 different (TV & theatre) shows in one year with Freek de Jonge.


great news : first child of Monique and Robert Jan, lovely daughter Floyd is born

In the Hague is a big Rembrandt Exhibition in the Mauritshuis. A bit further on, in a magnificent old banking building on the Kneuterdijk is a big alternative exhibition organised by Marcello and Els + Jossip with some 20 contemporary artists participating under the name Rembrandt 2000. RJ was asked to contribute the ‘live’ music for this exhibition, resulting in the CD ‘Rembrandt 2000.

And… out of the blue an e-mail arrived in Aad Link’s Inbox from the ProgFest (Festival for Progressive Rock) Los Angeles with the question if Supersister still did exist and if so, if they would be willing to give their American fans a real good time to perform at this festival in LA October this year.


De Geheelontkenners
* under construction *


great news again : their second child, beautiful sun Nomee is born

More Supersister concerts in Tilburg (013), Groningen (Oosterpoort), the live recording at the Paradiso in Amsterdam, the last concerts in The Hague (Kon. Schouwburg).

Release of live album ‘Supersisterious’.

Sacha van Geest all of a sudden dies of an hart attack while on holidays on Malta.
(see Sacha special in Supersister Tower – Stips City)

*under construction*


NITS ‘1974’ CD & TOUR

RJ joins in with a Nits 30-years anniversary tour. An attempt to record some additional songs for a CD that NITS had been working on already went so smooth that soon it was decided to record a complete new CD:‘1974’, released in October 2003.
Nits went on a vast tour from Oct.’03 till Aug. ’04
new NITS line up:

Henk Hofstede vocals, guitar, banjo
Rob Kloet drums, samples &
Laetitia van Krieken keyboards, violin,
Robert Jan Stips keyboards, vocals


In Januari NITS appear at the 7-nights-mega-concert of ‘Vrienden van Amstel’ at the Ahoy, Rotterdam as special guest with Di-rect.
RJ also playing the opening piano act, with later accompanying Willeke Alberti.

Henk Hofstede and Robert Jan appear also as special guest at the (DVD recorded) Ahoy concert of BLØF.


Also manager Aad Link had re-joined NITS forces : apart from the already ‘conquered’ Nits-territories like France, Belgium, Finland, Switzerland, Austria, Germany and (the French speaking part of) Canada, new places like Barcelona and Winnipeg, Canada, appeared on the Nits tour schedule.

A live DVD ‘1974’ had been recorded at the end of the Dutch tour in May ’04 at the Paradiso, Amsterdam, released fall ’04.

De Vergrijzing

At the end of August 2004 an immense Freek de Jonge project started, called ‘de Vergrijzing’, a theatre/television marathon contending 15 weekly new 55-minutes complete theatre shows, each one freshly created and performed live in the week before the – VPRO – broadcasting weekly on Sunday. RJ provided the leader and live music for each episode, plus the film music for the final one: the movie that was shot ‘ in between’ (!): de Kerst van een Clown, broadcasted on Christmas Eve 04.


RJ arranged some songs from de Vergrijzing for the project Freek de Jonge & the Metropole Orchestra at the Concert Gebouw planned February 4th.

March 2005 RJ and Freek were given the Annie M G Schmidt Prijs for their song ‘Vergeet Mij Niet’.

New recordings with the basic Rob-Henk-RJ NITS trio, the material came quite easy and Jasper leClerq completed the atmosphere with his arrangements for string-quartet. Mixed by Paul Telman, a new NITS highlight was born: the album ‘Les Nuits’. Released in the autumn of 2005, it was internationally very well received (especially in France) and many a fan or journalist was greatly surprised by the fact that NITS had been able to produce such an original fresh and high-spirited CD like ‘Les Nuits’ as their 19th album!

Elder brother Wouter Stips had successfully been working on his life as a painter these days . In 2005 he was working on the book ‘Zoveel Ongeveer Hou Ik Van Jou’, together with a CD of songs based on Wouter’s lyrics in ‘heavy rock’-style with guest singers like ao Mathilde Santing and Barry Hay. For one, more intimate track Wouter asked RJ, which resulted in the track: “Ogen Voelen’ , sang by Meg.

In September ‘05 Jelle de Jonge, sun of, produced a television series clled ‘Kortgehouden’ with Freek and other artists featuring in short sketches and conferences. RJ delivered the leader music and the music for about 9 of the (about 80) short movies.


NITS Les Nuits tour

under construction


RJSOLO mini tour in Feb/March
under construction

first leg
under construction

recording new NITS album
under construction

2nd leg
under construction

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RJSOLO tour in Nov/ Dec
under construction


RELEASE new NITS album – Doing the Dishes
under construction

NITS Doing The Dishes Tour 1st LEG
under construction

RJSOLO tour in Sept / Dec
under construction


under construction

NITS Doing The Dishes Tour 2nd LEG
under construction

May / June – recording new NITS album: Strawberry Wood
– under construction

June/ July – RJ writes 8 songs for VPRO documentary.
– under construction

Oct / Dec – NITS Strawberry Wood release and tour, 1st leg : Dutch theatres, Helsinki, Paris.
– under construction



RJSOLO tour in Jan/Feb/March


At PARKPOP 2010 RJ organizes a big event,
celebrating the festival’s 30st anniversary :
a 3 Simultaneous Stages Performance !

– under construction –

SUPERSISTER and NITS both plays on DUTCH TV – Nacht van de Nederpop.


RJSOLO tour in jan, feb, march.

NITS rcording new album [ > Malpensa]
in A’dam, Utrecht (Kytopia) and Piemonte, Italy

– under construction –


RJSOLO tour in Jan/Feb/March


RJ misses first leg of MALPENSA tour, due to an operation on his left hand ( bacterial infection).

summer : NITS play festivals in Switzerland and Holland.

NITS MALPENSA THEATRE TOUR , mainly in Holland + small European trips – oct/nov/dec.

– under construction –


RJSOLO tour in jan /feb

NITS – MALPENSA THEATER TOUR ctd. – march/april/may/


the year in which NITS celebrated its 40 years anniversary. first they played material from their first 10 years up in the small concert place upstairs at the Paradiso A’dam, where they played 40 years before as well, there first gig at the Paradiso, 1974. a few weeks later followed by a big concert down in the big Paradiso concert hall with a collection of songs from the ‘rest’ of the 40 years, a memorable night, also because between concert and encores the major of Amsterdam van der Laan appeared on stage and held a speech in which he declared that his Majesty the King had decided to give the 3 NITS members the medals of being Knights in the order of Orange – Nassau !
from there on a small international tour was played to celebrate the 40 years  in Germany, Austria, England and last but not least Switzerland, where a wonderful initiative of Swiss hard core fans resulted in a wonderful 3 double CD full of highly original and well performed  NITS covers by somewhat 50 Swiss, German, French and English artists, entitled ISN’T NITS ! 

in the meantime RJ was invited by theatre ‘De Wegwijzer’ in Zeeland to be the musical ‘chief’ for ‘O die zee’ , a high reaching and risky enterprise in order to realise a unique music-theatre-spectacle near the Westerschelde in the summer of 2014. Huub van der Lubbe (singer/author of ‘de Dijk’) writing the song-lyrics, Tom de Ket (ao de Verleiders) writing the script and directing, RJ inviting Dutch pop-composers of all ranges to write the music for one song, arranging, organising and playing them with the band, for which he invited ‘Ocobar’.
Resulting in a stunning multi-discipline 20 very successful and sold out musical and theatre performances, ‘O die zee’ was also the start of the theatre band ‘FABELHAFTt’ , touring in 2017 (!) with ‘O Die Zee – In Concert‘…

later that year RJ writes and records 10 special pieces for 10 paintings that are part of the special exposition of his brother, painter Wouter Stips entitled ‘Kind van 70’  (‘Child aged 70’) from September 21st at the Singer Museum in Laren, Holland.
listen/download )


jan/feb RJSolo

Nits tour – Holland Finland Switzerland

solotour including the ‘three grand piano concert’ in the Beauforthuis – resulting in the release of “Present tot the Highest RJS plays Supersister

summer: Music for ‘new TV Channel ‘ONS’

october ” Frits (Freek & Nits)


jan/feb/march/may – RJSolo

june / first performances with NITS and Scapino

sept / october /  TING! 
18 performanceses in Rotterdam : with SCAPINO, NITS & CODARTS

music for NTR docu series about the dutch connection with South Africa ‘Goede Hoop’ 

nov/dec /  RJSolo and NITS


jan / feb / FABELHAFT theater tour
O Die Zee – in 
release CD ‘O die zee – 11 songs’

apr / may / RJSolo

june / july / NITS recording  CD ‘angst’

aug / sept / release CD ‘angst’,
first try outs
oct – december : NITS ‘angst’ NL theater  tour (first leg)


jan / feb /  RJSolo
+ first performance of  ‘Stips in het Kwadraat’ – with Wouter Stips (paintings and poetry) and Marieke Brokamp (violin)

march /NITS ‘angst’ NL theater tour
( 2nd leg )
april / may /  NITS ‘angst’ Europe : 
Austria, Switzerland,France, Belgium, Finland, Germany

summer : NITS Festivals and RJSolo

sept / october / Reprise TING! in Carré – A’dam and de Nieuwe Luxor – R’dam

october / recording NTR documentary about RJS


– under construction –

jan / feb / march RJSolo

feb / documentary on Dutch Television:
‘De Tovenaar van de Nederpop’

release  CD /LP ‘RETSIS REPUS’
XXL concerts The Hague & Amsterdam
club tour

June / July concerts
and  Stips&Brokamp

november / release NITS CD ‘Knot’
nov&dec / NITS  ‘Knot’  tour


jan – feb / RJSolo
new TV Leader “Andere Tijden”
icw Marieke Brokamp
march / NITS KNOT tour

…   c o r o n a  …

may / Requests On Line

June/ The Festival (Was On) – remembering The Holland Pop Festival of 1970

+ playing solo live stream concerts

release of the Supersister Biography:
‘ Looking Back, Naked’ written by Fred Baggen
and the audio-illustrative CD with the same name.


rjs – hilversum, helsinki, rennes, münchen, nantes, hamburg, the hague, chappes, quebec, beaufort, delft , lenk